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Smart Growth

Smart Growth has come about as the result of social and environmental concerns about current development practices. Smart Growth encourages growth in ways that "maintain and increase the social, economic, and environmental well-being of our communities." Smart Growth focuses on wise resource use. This means taking advantage of existing structures, such as reusing abandoned industrial sites, building along rail lines and public transportation routes, investing in existing communities, and encouraging community members to get involved in decisions about land use. Communities that take smart growth principles into consideration are built to maintain a sense of place and provide a variety of housing choices for people. It takes the emphasis away from the material structures, for instance the size of the house and property, and instead emphasizes developing a community where connections are made between the people who live there. In addition, it recognizes the importance of establishing "smart" transportation system use to reduce the negative effects of sprawl.

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